MODEL KRIMINALISASI BERBASIS KERUGIAN LINGKUNGAN DAN AKTUALISASINYA DALAM UNDANG-UNDANG 32 TAHUN 2009 TENTANG PERLINDUNGAN DAN PENGELOLAAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP

Mahrus Ali

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis diskursus teoritik tentang kriminalisasi berbasis kerugian lingkungan hidup dan aktualisasinya dalam Undang-Undang Perlindungan dan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup. Sebagai penelitian hukum normatif dengan menggunakan pendekatan perundang-undangan dan konseptual, penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa diskursus teoritik tentang model-model kriminalisasi berbasis kerugian lingkungan hidup mengacu kepada empat model yang selama ini berkembang, yaitu model bahaya abstrak, bahaya nyata, kerugian nyata, dan polusi lingkungan yang serius. Pada ketiga model pertama, hukum pidana masih belum melepaskan diri dari ketergantung administratif), sedangkan pada model terakhir, hukum pidana sudah melepaskan diri dari ketergantungan administratif. Hukum pidana tetap dapat digunakan apabila menimbulkan kerugian sangat serius sekalipun perbuatan tidak melawan hukum. Keempat model kriminalisasi tersebut teraktualisasi dalam UU PPLH. Penelitian ini merekomendasikan perlunya riset tentang aktualisasi model-model kriminalisasi berbasis kerugian lingkungan dalam perundang-undangan sektoral bidang lingkungan hidup.

Kata kunci: kriminalisasi; kerugian lingkungan; UU PPLH.

 

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study is to analyze the discourse on criminalization of environmental harm and its actualization in the Law on Environmental Protection and Management. As normative legal research, it is conducted with statutory and conceptual approaches. This study concludes that there are four models of environmental harm-based criminalization that have been develop so far, namely: abstract and concrete endangerment, concrete harm, and serious environmental pollution model. On the first three models, criminal law has not released from administrative dependence. Whereas in the last model, criminal law has released from its administrative dependency. In this model, criminal law can be still used in case a very serious environmental harm has arisen, despite the act is not against the law. The four models of criminalization have been manifested in the Law on Environmental Protection and Management. This research suggests to conduct research on the actualization of the model in the Laws related to environment.

Keywords: criminalization; environmental harm; environmental protection and management.


Keywords


kriminalisasi; kerugian lingkungan; UU PPLH

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24970/bhl.v5i1.131

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