ASPEK HUKUM ADMINISTRASI KEPENDUDUDKAN DIHUBUNGKAN DENGAN KEPEMILIKAN TANAH SECARA ABSENTEE

Mulyani Djakaria

Abstract


Abstrak

Secara implisit, ketentuan Pasal 10 UU No. 5/1960 menetapkan larangan pemilikan tanah pertanian  secara absentee. Agar tanah pertanian hanya dapat dikerjakan secara aktif oleh pemiliknya, maka dibuatlah ketentuan untuk menghapuskan pengusaan tanah pertanian secara absentee dengan beberapa pihak yang dikecualikan dari ketentuan larangan pemilikan tanah pertanian secara absentee. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah deskriptif analitis dengan pendekatan yuridis normatif,data yang diperoleh dari penelitian kepustakaan dan penelitian lapangan dianalisis secara normatif kualitatif. Semua bentuk pemindahan hak milik atas tanah pertanian melalui jual beli, tukar menukar, atau hibah yang mengakibatkan pemilikan baru tanah pertanian secara absentee  dilarang. Tanah-tanah pertanian yang terkena larangan pemilikan tanah pertanian secara absentee akan dikuasai oleh pemerintah untuk selanjutnya dijadikan objek land reform (diredistribusikan) kepada petani yang memerlukan tanah dan kepada bekas pemilik tanah pertanian secara absentee diberikan ganti kerugian. Namun dalam praktik masih banyak  pemilikan tanah secara absentee oleh masyarakat /pihak di luar yang dikecualikan dari ketentuan larangan pemilikan tanah pertanian secara absentee. Hal ini dapat terjadi dengan cara pemilikan Kartu Tanda Penduduk (KTP) ganda yang memungkinkan seseorang menyelundupi ketentuan tentang tanah absentee, walaupun dalam Pasal 63 ayat (6) UU Adminduk telah dinyatakan KTP-el berlaku secara nasional. Ketentuan mengenai tanah absentee  perlu dipertahankan dengan didukung pendaftaran tanah secara akurat, dan penyalahgunaan KTP bisa dihindari, disertai sanksi yang tegas.

Kata Kunci: Tanah; tanah absentee; adminitrasi kependudukan


Abstact

Implicitly, the Law No. 5 of 1960 concerning Basic Regulations on Agrarian Principles has established a ban on absentee ownership of agricultural land. In order to ensure that the agricultural land can only be cultivated actively by the owner, then a provision to abolish the absentee ownership of land is made with several parties that are excluded from that provision. The method used in this research is descriptive analytic with normative juridical approach, the data collection which obtained from the literature and field research were analyzed using normative-qualitative methods. All forms of transfer of the right of ownership over agricultural land through purchase, exchange, or grant resulting in absentee ownership are banned. Those agricultural lands which are affected by the ban of absentee ownership will be taken by the government for later be redistributed to the farmers and as for the previous owner of those lands then the compensation will be given. However, the absentee ownership of land by those who aren’t excluded by the provision is still taking place. This can occur by means of dual identity card (KTP) ownership that enables one to elude from the absentee ownership of land provision, although it is stated in Art. 63 (6) of the Law No.23/2009 concerning Population Administration that e-KTP is applied nationally. The provision concerning the absentee ownesrship of land has to be maintained and sustained by the accurate land registration thus the misappropriation can be prevented and also it must be accompanied by strict punishment as well.

Keywords: Land; absentee ownership of land; population administration.


DOI: 10.24970/jbhl.v1n1.10


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