THE LAW OF FOREST IN INDONESIA: PREVENTION AND SUPPRESSION OF FOREST FIRES

Ariawan Gunadi, Gunardi Gunardi, Martono Martono

Abstract


Forests have significant function related biological diversity, habitat protection of flora fauna such as orangutan, tiger, elephant; climate-related functions such as carbon sequestration, air pollution; human settlements, human health, school activities, habitat for people, rural livelihoods; state defense as natural resources such as commercial industrial wood,  non-wood forest products, international and national trade; ecotourism, recreation. However the problem in Indonesia is forest fires. In order to maintain  its  functions, all the famers, forestry-concession owners, government, local government and private enterprise should prevent and suppress the forest fires through the existing law and regulations such as Constitution Law of 1945, Act Number 5 Year 1990, Act Number 22 Year 1999, Act Number 41 Year 1999, Act Number 1 Year 2009, Act Number 6 Year 1994 and Act Number 17 Year 2004 and aircraft operation conducted by foreign aircraft such as Australia, Canada, Malaysia, Russia and Singapore to assist Indonesian’s forest fires.

Keywords: aircraft operation; forest fires; legal ground; liability; responsibility


Keywords


aircraft operation; forest fires; legal ground; liability; responsibility

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References


Articles

Gunardi, Ronnie and K.Martono, 2017. Legal Aspects, Economic and Aircraft’s Water Bombing Related to Forest Fires in Indonesia.www.ijbmi.org, Vol. 6 (3);

Gunawan Djajaputra, Ahmad Redi., 2016. The Civil Aviation, Climate Change Reduction and Legal Aspects of Forest Fires in Indonesia. IOSR-JAC 11, Vol.9&7.

Documents

Act Concerning Conservation of Living Resources and Their Ecosystems, Act.No.5 Year 1990, State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 49 Year 1990, Supplement State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 3419);

Act Concerning ratification of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Act No.6 Year 1994;

Act Concerning Undang-Undang tentang Pengesahan Konvensi Kerangka Kerja PBB tentang Perubahan Iklim (Ratification of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Act No.6 Year 1994 (June 5th, 1994);

Act Concerning Environmental Management, Act.No.23 Year 1997, State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia No.68 Year 1997, Supplement State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 3699;

Act Concerning Regional Administrations, Act No.22 Year 1999, State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesian Number…, Supplement State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesian No….;

Act concerning Forestry, Act No.41 Year 1999, State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia No.167 Year 1999, Supplement State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesian No.3888;

Act Concerning Civil Aviation, Act No.1 Year 2009, State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia No.1 Year 2009, Supplement State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia No.4956;

Presidential Regulation Concerning National Council for Climate Change, (Pres.Reg.No.46 Year 2008) [4 July 2008].




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24970/bhl.v4i1.86

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