ENVIRONMENT VS TRADE - STUDY ON ECOLABELLING

Yossi Niken Respati Artini

Abstract


“We live in an age of increasing interdependence and increasing inequality, environmental and economic interdependence increasingly requires sophisticated approaches to international cooperation. As the pace of economic change has increased, so has global environmental degradation[1].

                 Economic interest of a country is the main reason behind the trade relations the countries in the world has develop, while there is also an interest for gaining independence and control over international economy that leads to sort of awareness that trading would be the only way to develop the economy of a country.[2]

                 Any efforts to fulfill the interests and the economic development bring impact to the country, particularly relating to the environmental condition. The natural resources are available for a country’s economic use. Yet on the other hand, there is a little understanding how limited the natural resources are. More than a quarter of the trade in goods is sourced from the natural resources which serve as the pillars of the global economy[3]. Thus, at the end we can see that trade and environment cannot stay in the same way. Or in other words, environment is at the center of a battlefield where trading activities are done to fulfill the economic interests.


[1]Bradly J. Cordon, Environmental Sovereignty and The WTO – Trade Sanctions and International Law, (United States of America, Transnational Publishers, Inc, 2006), pg. xi

[2]Adolf Huala, Hukum Perdagangan Internasional, (Jakarta, Raja Grafindo Persada, 2006), pg. 19

[3]Anna Yulia Hartati, Lingkungan Hidup dan Liberalisasi Perdagangan: Upaya Mencari Jalan Tengah, Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Politik, Vol. 11 No. 2, FISIP UGM, 2007, pg. 194


Keywords


Ecolabelling, Environment, Trade

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