MENGGALI ELEMEN HUKUM KEBIASAAN HUMANITER INTERNASIONAL TENTANG PERLINDUNGAN LINGKUNGAN ALAM DALAM LATIHAN TEMPUR TNI

Arlina Permanasari

Abstract


ABSTRAK
Latihan tempur Angkatan Bersenjata sangat diperlukan untuk membangun militer yang kuat, namun jika dilakukan secara kontinyu dalam waktu lama akan menimbulkan kerusakan lingkungan alam. Karenanya latihan tempur harus ramah lingkungan dan memperhatikan alat serta cara berperang baik pada saat maupun setelah pelaksanaan latihan. Penelitian normatif ini menganalisis elemen materiil dan psikologis berupa aturan nasional dan kebijakan yang berkaitan dengan latihan tempur TNI. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa elemen hukum kebiasaan humaniter internasional telah diinternalisasikan dalam aturan internal TNI, namun masih memerlukan aturan pelaksanaan pada tingkat taktis-operasional.
Kata kunci: hukum kebiasaan humaniter internasional; latihan tempur; perlindungan lingkungan alam.


ABSTRACT
Armed Forces combat training is very essential to build a strong military force, but if conducted continuously for a long time it will cause damage to the natural environment. Therefore combat training must be environmentally friendly and consider the means and methods of warfare during and after the training. This normative research analyses material and psychological elements in the form of national regulations and policies related to Indonesian Armed Forces combat training. The result shows that elements of customary international humanitarian law have been internalized in TNI regulations, but still requires implementing regulations at the tactical-operational level.
Keywords: combat training; customary international humanitarian law; protection of natural environment.

 


Keywords


hukum kebiasaan humaniter internasional; latihan tempur; perlindungan lingkungan alam

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24970/bhl.v5i2.210

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