PENGGUNAAN PENTA HELIX MODEL SEBAGAI UPAYA INTEGRATIF MEMERANGI SAMPAH PLASTIK DI LAUT INDONESIA

Sapto Hermawan, Wida Astuti

Abstract


ABSTRAK
Mendalilkan kepada beberapa hasil penelitian, Indonesia dikelompokkan sebagai salah satu produsen sampah plastik di laut, sehingga situasi ini perlu mendapatkan peran nyata secara integratif dan serius. Artikel ini bertujuan menganalisis penggunaan model Penta Helix sebagai salah satu upaya integratif guna memerangi sampah plastik di laut Indonesia melalui kajian dari masing-masing elemen pembentuk model Penta Helix. Masing-masing elemen sebagai penyusun model Penta Helix yaitu elemen Pemerintah, elemen Lembaga Swadaya Masyarakat, elemen Sektor Swasta, elemen Perguruan Tinggi, dan elemen Masyarakat Madani. Artikel ini disusun menggunakan metode penelitian hukum normatif. Artikel ini berkesimpulan bahwa target penurunan sampah plastik di laut perlu didukung melalui sinergi semua elemen pemangku kepentingan yang menjadi unsur pembentuk model Penta Helix. Mendasarkan analisis dari masing-masing elemen model Penta Helix dapat disimpulkan bahwa elemen peran Lembaga Swadaya Masyarakat sudah bagus. Elemen peran pemerintah cukup baik kendatipun masih ada beberapa kelemahan. Tiga elemen tersisa yaitu peran perguruan tinggi; peran sektor swasta; dan peran masyarakat madani tampaknya perlu mendapatkan perhatian khusus dan perlu ditingkatkan lagi. Artikel ini berpendapat, jika masing-masing elemen pembentuk model Penta Helix dipergunakan dengan terukur dan terintegrasi maka selain target penurunan sampah laut akan lebih cepat terealisasi, dalam jangka panjang juga bermanfaat untuk menjaga ekosistem laut secara berkelanjutan.
Kata kunci: ekosistem laut berkelanjutan; model penta helix; sampah plastik.


ABSTRACT
Based on several research results, Indonesia is classified as one of the producers of marine plastic litter, so this situation needs serious attention and also intergrative action. The objective of this article is to analyze each of element of the Penta Helix model as a part of integrative action to combat marine plastic litter in Indonesia. This article is written with normative legal research. This article concludes that the target for reducing marine plastic litter needs to be supported through the synergy of all stakeholder elements. Based on the analysis of each component of the Penta Helix model, it can be concluded that the aspects of the role of non-governmental organizations are respectable. The element of the government's role is quite good, although there are still some weaknesses. The remaining three components are the role of universities, the role of the private sector, and the role of civil society, seems to need special attention and needs to be improved. This article argues that if the Penta Helix model is used prudently, the target for reducing marine plastic litter will be more quickly realized. Besides, in the long term, it is beneficial to maintain a sustainable marine ecosystem.
Keywords: sustainable marine ecosystems; penta helix model; marine plastic litter.


Keywords


ekosistem laut berkelanjutan; model penta helix; sampah plastik

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24970/bhl.v5i2.164

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